Risk Analysis Study (EAR)
Quantitative study of the potential risks that may occur in an enterprise. It is based on danger identification techniques, frequency estimates, physical effects, vulnerability evaluation and risk estimate. EAR is composed of the following phases:
- Characterization of the enterprise and its surroundings;
- Identification of dangers and consolidation of accidental hypotheses;
- Estimate of physical effects and vulnerability evaluation;
- Frequency estimate;
- Risk estimate and evaluation;
- Risk reduction.
The study reflects the reality of the enterprise relating to its locational characteristics, maintenance and operational conditions and protection systems available.
Risk Analysis Studies – EAR of accidents in industrial plants, based on Cetesb Guideline P4.261
The Risk Analysis Study (EAR) is made for facilities that have a high quantity of products and go beyond the scope of a Risk Management Program (PGR). The study details the risks involved, products, procedures and activities involved in the company´s operation.
It is extremely important that the companies included on the criteria have an EAR, to map all the risks and procedures of the enterprise. The development of this study can identify failures, interfere on layout and procedures.
By Cetesb’s guideline 64.261, enterprises are classed according to hazardousness. From that, it is possible to understand if the enterprise needs an EAR or PGR during the process of environmental licensing. The biggest difference between both is that the Risk Analysis Study is always developed by specialized professionals. The Risk Management Program can be done by the company´s own collaborators.